1) Coprosma propinqua Mingimingi
- Coprosma is a genus of about 90 species of shrubs and trees found in various Pacific regions, including New Zealand and Australia. They range from trees to low-growing spreading shrubs and those with a divaricating habit.
- A member of the plant family Rubiaceae, C. propinqua is found in swampy areas and near streams throughout New Zealand. The leaves are very small and oblong and the berries are a translucent blue color.
2) Coriaria sarmentosa Tutu
- Coriaria is a genus of small shrubs and trees with notably angular branches and frond-like leaves. There are eight New Zealand species and all are poisonous. The tiny flowers hang in racemes in summer and are followed by purple black berries.
- C. sarmentosa is tolerant of a wide range of conditions, but extreme care should be given to choosing a site where it is inaccessible to animals and curious children.
3) Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Kahikatea
- Found in forests of both the North and South Islands, D. dacrydioides is New Zealand’s tallest native tree. Juvenile specimens have drooping needle-like foliage with a bronze tinge while on adult trees, the leaves are dark green compressed scales.
- A member of the plant family Podocarpaceae, this genus is an excellent choice for swampy areas as it is quite happy with wet feet.
4) Fuchsia excorticata Kotukutuku
- Found throughout New Zealand from sea level to about 1000 meters, F. excorticata is the largest-growing fuchsia in the world, reaching 12 meters in the wild.
- The pendulous flowers occur in spring and are followed by dark purple berries that are popular with birds. Kotukutuku needs a rich moist soil with some shade and shelter.
5) Pittosporum tenuifolium Kohukohu
- Pittosporum is a genus of about 200 trees and shrubs found in Africa, Australia, some Pacific islands, southern and eastern Asia, and New Zealand. There are 26 species endemic to New Zealand.
- The leaves are quite variable in size and color, but are often a shiny, light green color with wavy margins and the branchlets are reddish-brown.